Panicum brevifolium L.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Annual; culms 15–100 cm. long, rambling, often rooting at the lower nodes. Leaf laminae 5–10 cm. long and 10–25 mm. wide, thin amplexicaul, glabrous or pilose, cross-veins present, finely acute. Panicle 5–15 cm. long, ovate, much-branched, the branches delicate and often appearing somewhat tangled. Spikelets 1.5–2 mm. long, ovate or ovate-elliptic, sparsely puberulous to pilose; inferior glume as long as the spikelet, 3-nerved; superior glume 5-nerved; inferior lemma 5-nerved, sterile, its palea present; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy.
Derivation of specific name: brevifolium: with short leaves
Habitat: Forest shade
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Old World tropics
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 34 - 35.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 150.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 191.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Other sources of information about Panicum brevifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: Panicum brevifolium
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum brevifolium
Flora of Malawi: Panicum brevifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum brevifolium
Flora of Zambia: Panicum brevifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum brevifolium
African Plant Database: Panicum brevifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum brevifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum brevifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum brevifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum brevifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum brevifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum brevifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum brevifolium
Plants of the World Online: Panicum brevifolium
Tropicos: Panicum brevifolium
Wikipedia: Panicum brevifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Panicum brevifolium., retrieved 21 April 2024

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