Panicum dregeanum Nees

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Panicum dregeanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park, Cleveland Dam

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Common names: Plum panicum (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Densely tufted perennial grass, culms 50-130 cm high. Leaves mostly basal with sheaths pubescent near the base, laminae (14)18–35(50) cm. long and 1.5–5 mm. wide, linear, acute or acuminate. Inflorescence much-branched panicles (8)12–20(30) cm. long, narrowly oblong to ovate. Spikelets numerous, purple, 2–2.5(3) mm. long, ovate, glabrous, often purple tinged; inferior glume 1/2–2/3 as long as the spikelet, (3)5-nerved, recurved acute to acuminate; superior glume 5-nerved, recurved acute to acuminate; inferior lemma 5-nerved, its palea well developed, male; superior lemma smooth and glossy.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In damp grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 22 - 23. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 50.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Panicum dregeanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum dregeanum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Panicum dregeanum
Flora of Malawi: Panicum dregeanum
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum dregeanum
Flora of Zambia: Panicum dregeanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum dregeanum
African Plant Database: Panicum dregeanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum dregeanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum dregeanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum dregeanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum dregeanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum dregeanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum dregeanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum dregeanum
Plants of the World Online: Panicum dregeanum
Tropicos: Panicum dregeanum
Wikipedia: Panicum dregeanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Panicum dregeanum., retrieved 22 May 2024

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