Panicum porphyrrhizos Steud.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial with tough, robust culms 50–200 cm. high from a shortly rhizomatous or tufted base; the upper nodes not sharply demarcated, the pigment diffusing above and below. Leaf laminae 15–30 cm. long and 5–10 mm. wide, linear, flat, acuminate. Panicle (20)30–50 cm. long, ovate or oblong, moderately to much branched, the tertiary and sometimes the secondary branches appressed. Spikelets 3–3.5 mm. long, narrowly ovate, acuminate; inferior glume 1/4–1/3 the length of the spikelet, broadly ovate, 1–3-nerved; superior glume 7–9-nerved; inferior lemma similar to the superior glume, sterile, its palea poorly developed; superior lemma and palea pallid, glossy
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Damp ground near swamps and rivers
Altitude range: (metres) 400 - 2250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: occurring Northwards to West Africa and Ethiopia, Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 29 - 30.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 107.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 142.

Other sources of information about Panicum porphyrrhizos:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Flora of Malawi: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Flora of Mozambique: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Flora of Zambia: Panicum porphyrrhizos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Panicum porphyrrhizos
African Plant Database: Panicum porphyrrhizos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Panicum porphyrrhizos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Panicum porphyrrhizos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Panicum porphyrrhizos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Panicum porphyrrhizos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Panicum porphyrrhizos
JSTOR Plant Science: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Plants of the World Online: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Tropicos: Panicum porphyrrhizos
Wikipedia: Panicum porphyrrhizos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Panicum porphyrrhizos., retrieved 28 May 2024

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