Paspalum notatum Flüggé

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Paspalum notatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Borrowdale Common, Harare

Paspalum notatum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Old cottages at Katiyo Tea Estate

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Common names: Bahia grass (English) Beira grass (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Cultivated and naturalised
Mat-forming, creeping perennial, arising from stout rhizomes. Culms up to 50 cm. The inflorescences are usually paired, occasionally 3, each 2.5–12 cm. long. Spikelets borne singly in 2 rows on a narrow rhachis. Spikelets 2.5–3.8 mm. long, broadly elliptic, plumply plano-convex, green. Superior glume and inferior lemma cartilaginous, glabrous. Superior lemma pallid at maturity.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Introduced for grazing and erosion control. It is found as an occasional escape of disturbed places, often found in lawns and on road sides, mainly in and around urban areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native of South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 42.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 89.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 69.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108.

Other sources of information about Paspalum notatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Paspalum notatum
Flora of Zambia: Paspalum notatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Paspalum notatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Paspalum notatum
African Plant Database: Paspalum notatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Paspalum notatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Paspalum notatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Paspalum notatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Paspalum notatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Paspalum notatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Paspalum notatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Paspalum notatum
Plants of the World Online: Paspalum notatum
Tropicos: Paspalum notatum
Wikipedia: Paspalum notatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Paspalum notatum., retrieved 7 December 2023

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