Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) T. Durand & Schinz

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Setaria megaphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

Setaria megaphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam, Harare

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Synonyms: Setaria chevalieri Stapf
Setaria chevalieri Stapf.
Setaria plicatilis (Hochst.) Engl.
Common names: Broad-leaved bristle-grass (English) Vumba grass (English)
Frequency: Common in E Highlands; local elsewhere
Status: Native in E division; probably introduced around Harare
Robust perennial tufted grass, up to 2.5m. Leaves pleated, long and broad. Inflorescence an open panicle. Most parts, particularly the lower culms, densely covered in irritating hairs.
Derivation of specific name: megaphylla: large-leaved
Habitat: Occurring in forest and plantations, and in shady locations in woodland and along streams.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1800 m
Flowering time:Sep - Jun
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to South Africa, tropical America and India.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Melanitis leda helena (Food plant)
Borbo fatuellus fatuellus (Larval foodplant)
Gnophodes betsimena diversa (Larval foodplant)
Metisella metis paris (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 25 January 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 109.

Fanshawe, D.B. (1968). The vegetation of Zambian termitaria. Kirkia 6(2) Pages 169 - 179.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 58. As Setaria chevalierii

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 59. As Setaria plicatilis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 68.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 84.

Smith, P.P. (1997). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of the North Luangwa National Park, Zambia. Kirkia 16(2): Pages 205 - 245.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 152.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Setaria megaphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Zambia: Setaria megaphylla
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Setaria megaphylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria megaphylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria megaphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria megaphylla
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria megaphylla
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria megaphylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria megaphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Setaria megaphylla
iNaturalist: Setaria megaphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria megaphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria megaphylla
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria megaphylla
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria megaphylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria megaphylla
Plants of the World Online: Setaria megaphylla
Tropicos: Setaria megaphylla
Wikipedia: Setaria megaphylla

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Setaria megaphylla., retrieved 29 October 2020

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