Setaria orthosticha K. Schum. ex R.A.W. Herrm.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Loosely tufted annual. Culms 10–150 cm. high, ascending. Leaf laminae not petiolate. Panicle 1–16 cm. long, lanceolate, with spikelets clustered around the raceme-like primary branches or on short secondary branchlets, the rhachis hirsute; bristles 2–10 mm. long, mostly single, stiffly bent, often hirsute in the lower half, smooth or weakly scaberulous above. Spikelets 1.2–1.7 mm. long, broadly elliptic, gibbous, generally obtuse. Glumes obtuse, the inferior 1/4–1/3, the superior 2/3–3/4 as long as spikelet. Inferior lemma not or indistinctly grooved. Superior lemma finely rugose, golden brown to black.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Weedy places and forest margins
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe northward to Uganda.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 103 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 59. As Setaria orthosticta

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.


Other sources of information about Setaria orthosticha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Setaria orthosticha
Flora of Mozambique: Setaria orthosticha
Flora of Zambia: Setaria orthosticha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Setaria orthosticha
African Plant Database: Setaria orthosticha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Setaria orthosticha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Setaria orthosticha
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Setaria orthosticha
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Setaria orthosticha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Setaria orthosticha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Setaria orthosticha
iNaturalist: Setaria orthosticha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Setaria orthosticha
JSTOR Plant Science: Setaria orthosticha
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Setaria orthosticha
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Setaria orthosticha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Setaria orthosticha
Plants of the World Online: Setaria orthosticha
Tropicos: Setaria orthosticha
Wikipedia: Setaria orthosticha


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Setaria orthosticha.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107230, retrieved 13 May 2021

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