Melinis effusa (Rendle) Stapf

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Synonyms: Melinis minutiflora var. effusa Rendle
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Tufted perennial. Culms (59)70–130(160) cm. high, ascending, rarely erect. Leaf laminae (1.5)3–11(14) cm. long, (2)3–8(11) mm. wide, flat, often densely tomentose. Panicle (6)8–20(27) cm. long, ovate to narrowly ovate. Pedicels with a few long hairs towards the apex, scabrous. Spikelets 1.4–1.8 mm. long, narrowly ovate to oblong. Inferior glume (0.1)0.2–0.4(0.5) mm. long, ovate, inserted close to the superior; superior glume 7-nerved, awnless or mucronate, membranous, obtusely bilobed, glabrous to sparsely haity. Inferior floret barren without a palea, its lemma 5-nerved, acutely bilobed, equalling the superior glume but narrower with an awn 2–10 mm. long, rarely awnless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland, rarely Brachystegia woodland, often at anthropogenic sites and streamsides
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Northwards to Ghana and Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 124.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.


Other sources of information about Melinis effusa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Melinis effusa
Flora of Zambia: Melinis effusa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis effusa
African Plant Database: Melinis effusa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis effusa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis effusa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Melinis effusa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Melinis effusa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis effusa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Melinis effusa
iNaturalist: Melinis effusa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis effusa
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis effusa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Melinis effusa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Melinis effusa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis effusa
Plants of the World Online: Melinis effusa
Tropicos: Melinis effusa
Wikipedia: Melinis effusa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melinis effusa.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107350, retrieved 24 October 2021

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