Melinis macrochaeta Stapf & C.E. Hubb.

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Common names:
Tufted annual to short-lived perennial. Culms (35)50–100(150) cm. high, geniculately ascending and often rooting at the lower nodes. Leaf laminae (3)5–15(20) cm. long, (3)5–10(13) mm. wide, flat, thin, softly pilose. Panicle 10–25 cm. long, narrowly ovate. Pedicels glabrous, rarely with a few long hairs towards the apex, scabrous. Spikelets 1.5–2 mm. long, narrowly oblong. Inferior glume an obscure rim up to 0.1 mm. long, inserted close to the superior; superior glume 7-nerved, delicately membranous, bilobed, the lobes irregularly dentate, awnless or mucronate. Inferior floret barren without a palea, its lemma 3–5-nerved, acutely bilobed, equalling the superior glume but narrower and with an awn (5)8–20 mm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In grassland or Brachystegia woodland, often in disturbed places, or near streams
Altitude range: (metres) 800 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 353.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 124 - 126. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 48.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Other sources of information about Melinis macrochaeta:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Melinis macrochaeta
Flora of Malawi: Melinis macrochaeta
Flora of Mozambique: Melinis macrochaeta
Flora of Zambia: Melinis macrochaeta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis macrochaeta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis macrochaeta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis macrochaeta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis macrochaeta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Melinis macrochaeta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis macrochaeta
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis macrochaeta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis macrochaeta
Plants of the World Online: Melinis macrochaeta
Tropicos: Melinis macrochaeta
Wikipedia: Melinis macrochaeta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melinis macrochaeta., retrieved 30 May 2024

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