Melinis tenuissima Stapf

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Common names:
Status: Native
Straggling perennial. Culms (28)50–110(140) cm. high, ascending. Leaf laminae (1.5)2– 8(10) cm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, flat, glabrous or rarely pubescent. Panicle 10–20 cm. long, broadly ovate, delicately branched. Pedicels smooth, with a few long hairs towards the apex. Spikelets 1.1–1.5 mm. long, narrowly ovate to oblong. Inferior glume an obscure rim up to 0.1 mm. long, inserted close to the superior; superior glume 5-nerved, thinly membranous, irregularly dentate, glabrous to sparsely hairy. Inferior floret barren without a palea, its lemma 3–5-nerved, emarginate or irregularly dentate, equalling the superior glume but narrower and with an awn (1.5)4–10 mm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland and Brachystegia woodland, very often at anthropogenic sites and near river margins
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 124.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 48 - 49.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Other sources of information about Melinis tenuissima:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Melinis tenuissima
Flora of Malawi: Melinis tenuissima
Flora of Mozambique: Melinis tenuissima
Flora of Zambia: Melinis tenuissima

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis tenuissima
African Plant Database: Melinis tenuissima
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis tenuissima
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis tenuissima
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis tenuissima
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Melinis tenuissima
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis tenuissima
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis tenuissima
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis tenuissima
Plants of the World Online: Melinis tenuissima
Tropicos: Melinis tenuissima
Wikipedia: Melinis tenuissima

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Melinis tenuissima., retrieved 23 April 2024

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