Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Koeler

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Synonyms: Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard
Digitaria adscendens subsp. chrysoblephara (Fig. & De Not.) Henrard
Digitaria adscendens subsp. nubica (Stapf) Henrard
Digitaria adscendens var. fimbriata (Link) Cufod.
Digitaria chrysoblephara Fig. & De Not.
Digitaria ciliaris subsp. nubica (Stapf) Blake
Digitaria fimbriata Link
Digitaria marginata Link
Digitaria marginata var. fimbriata (Link) Stapf
Digitaria marginata var. nubica Stapf
Panicum adscendens Kunth
Panicum ciliare Retz
Common names:
A loosely caespitose or solitary growing annual. Culms 20–60 cm., decumbent to ascending, glabrous, nodes dark and (sub)glabrous. Leaf sheaths scaberulous, sometimes with a few bulbous based bristles. Ligule up to 2.5 mm. long, truncate, erose. Leaf laminae 4–13 × 0.3–0.8 mm., linear, flat, scaberulous on both sides, with a few bulbous based bristles near the base, scabrous along the margin. Inlforescence composed of 2–9 racemes, 6–12 cm. long, in 1 or 2-more superposed whorls, sometimes a few solitary along the short common axis. Rhachis triquetrous, winged, up to 1.0 mm. broad, smooth with scabrous margins. Pedicels 2-nate, 0.5–2.5 mm. long, triangular, scabrous, scarcely broadened at the apex. Spikelets 2.7–3.4 mm. long, oblonglanceolate. Inferior glume c. 0.5 mm. long, ovate to oblong triangular, often somewhat truncate. Superior glume 2/3–3/4 of the spikelet, oblong triangular, 3-nerved, appressed hairy, hairs very fine, smooth, acute. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, 7-nerved, nerves smooth or nearly smooth, central zone often very broad, appressed hairy, sometimes also with bristle-hairs, rarely glabrous. Superior glume as long as to somewhat shorter than the spikelet, oblong-lanceolate, acute, pale yellow to pale brown, often purplish tinged.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Weed, on disturbed sites.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical, but rather rare and scattered in Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 169 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 134.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 27. As Digitaria adscendes

Other sources of information about Digitaria ciliaris:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Digitaria ciliaris
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Digitaria ciliaris
Flora of Mozambique: Digitaria ciliaris
Flora of Zambia: Digitaria ciliaris

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria ciliaris
African Plant Database: Digitaria ciliaris
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria ciliaris
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria ciliaris
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria ciliaris
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria ciliaris
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria ciliaris
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria ciliaris
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria ciliaris
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria ciliaris
Tropicos: Digitaria ciliaris
Wikipedia: Digitaria ciliaris

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Digitaria ciliaris.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107530, retrieved 26 May 2024

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