Digitaria longiflora (Retz.) Pers.

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Synonyms: Digitaria corradii Chiov.
Digitaria flexilis Henrard
Digitaria friesii Pilg.
Digitaria preslii (Kunth) Henrard
Digitaria propinqua (R.Br.) Beauv.
Digitaria pseudodurva (Nees) Schlechtend.
Digitaria roxburghii Spreng.
Milium filiforme Roxb.
Panicum propinquum R.Br.
Panicum pseudodurva Nees
Paspalum longiflorum Retz.
Paspalum preslii Kunth
Paspalum pubescens J.S. Presl
Common names:
A loosely caespitose annual or short lived perennial, sometimes with a short rhizome or matforming with creeping runners, rooting at the nodes. Culms 20–50(70) cm., erect, ascending or creeping, glabrous, nodes dark and glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous to loosely hairy. Ligule 0.5–1.5 mm. long, truncate, entire. Leaflaminae (1)5–10(15) × 0.2×0.6 cm., linear, flat, smooth or minutely scaberulous, subglabrous or with scattered bulbous based bristles on both surfaces, scabrous along the margin. Inflorescence composed of (1)2(4) racemes, (1.5)2.5–10(17) cm. long, one subsessile, the other pedicellate on a very short common axis, erect to patent. Rhachis broadly winged, up to 1.2 mm. broad, smooth with scabrous margins. Pedicels 3-nate, 0.5–2.5 mm. long, subterete, smooth, broadened at the apex. Spikelets (1.2)1.5–2.0(2.2) mm. long, ovate-oblong, broadest in or above the middle. Inferior glume obsolete, truncate, nerveless, hyaline. Superior glume as long as the spikelet, ovateoblong, 3–5-nerved, appressed hairy, hairs fine, slightly undulating, whitish or purplish tinged, with rough, papillose walls. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, ovate-oblong with narrow, recurved margins, (5)7-nerved, appressed hairy. Superior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong, acute, pale yellow to bluish green.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Disturbed or open sites in miombo woodland, fallow land and roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in the Palaeotropics
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 342.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 35.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 134.

Other sources of information about Digitaria longiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Digitaria longiflora
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Digitaria longiflora
Flora of Malawi: Digitaria longiflora
Flora of Mozambique: Digitaria longiflora
Flora of Zambia: Digitaria longiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria longiflora
African Plant Database: Digitaria longiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria longiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria longiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria longiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria longiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria longiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria longiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria longiflora
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria longiflora
Tropicos: Digitaria longiflora
Wikipedia: Digitaria longiflora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Digitaria longiflora.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107630, retrieved 14 April 2024

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