Cenchrus clandestinus (Hochst. ex Chiov.) Morrone

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Cenchrus clandestinus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

Cenchrus clandestinus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pennisetum clandestinum Hochst. ex Chiov.
Common names: Kikuyu grass (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Introduced
A dense, mat-forming grass, growing from both stolons and rhizomes. It has no clearly visible inflorescences, only the white filaments and feathery stigmas may be visible (photo right).
Notes: Widely used as one of the most popular lawn grasses. It is known as a naturalised escape, particularly in high rainfall areas in the East of the country.
Derivation of specific name: clandestinus: clandestine, referring to the invisible inflorescences.
Habitat: Naturalised in grassy places
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Aug - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Native to East and Central Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Melanitis leda helena (Food plant)
Gorgopis libania (Food plant)
Cnaphalocrocis trapezalis (Larval foodplant)
Aeropetes tulbaghia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 8 September 2006

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 358.

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 179.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 69.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108. As Pennisetum clandestinum

Other sources of information about Cenchrus clandestinus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cenchrus clandestinus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cenchrus clandestinus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cenchrus clandestinus
African Plant Database: Cenchrus clandestinus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cenchrus clandestinus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus clandestinus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cenchrus clandestinus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cenchrus clandestinus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cenchrus clandestinus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cenchrus clandestinus
iNaturalist: Cenchrus clandestinus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus clandestinus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus clandestinus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cenchrus clandestinus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cenchrus clandestinus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cenchrus clandestinus
Plants of the World Online: Cenchrus clandestinus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cenchrus clandestinus
Tropicos: Cenchrus clandestinus
Wikipedia: Cenchrus clandestinus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cenchrus clandestinus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107800, retrieved 14 November 2019

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