Cenchrus purpureus (Schumach.) Morrone

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Cenchrus purpureus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River below Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cenchrus purpureus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River below Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cenchrus purpureus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River below Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cenchrus purpureus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River below Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Cenchrus purpureus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vunduzi River below Bunga Ranger Camp, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gymnothrix nitens Anderss.
Pennisetum benthamii Steud. var. nudum Hackel
Pennisetum benthamii Steud. var. sambesiense Hackel
Pennisetum benthamii Steud. var. ternatum Hackel
Pennisetum blepharideum Gilli
Pennisetum flavicomum Leeke
Pennisetum gossweileri Stapf & Hubbard
Pennisetum lachnorrhachis Peter
Pennisetum nitens (Anderss.) Hackel
Pennisetum pruinosum Leeke
Pennisetum purpureum Schumach.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust perennial grass, 1–6 m high, often forming large clumps. Leaves up to 120 cm long and 4 cm wide. Inflorescence a racemose panicle 7–30 cm long; rhachis cylindrical, with or without short peduncle stumps, pubescent; involucre enclosing 1–5 spikelets, one of them sessile, the others shortly pedicelled; bristles hairless or obscurely ciliate, the longest 10–40 mm long. Spikelets 4.5–7 mm long. Inferior glume suppressed, the superior up to half the length of spikelet or rarely suppressed. Inferior lemma shorter or as long as spikelet. Superior lemma somewhat leathery and shining in the inferior half; anther tips usually bearing a tiny tuft of hairs.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: purpureus: purple
Habitat: In riverine areas, in valleys, along forest margins and along roadsides, often on rich soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 300 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa; introduced in many countries elsewhere and cultivated as fodder.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 27 October 2018
Literature:

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 180 - 181.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Pages 53 - 54. As Pennisetum purpureum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108. As Pennisetum purpureum

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 134. As Pennisetum purpureum


Other sources of information about Cenchrus purpureus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Cenchrus purpureus
Flora of Mozambique: Cenchrus purpureus
Flora of Zambia: Cenchrus purpureus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cenchrus purpureus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cenchrus purpureus
African Plant Database: Cenchrus purpureus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cenchrus purpureus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cenchrus purpureus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus purpureus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cenchrus purpureus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cenchrus purpureus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cenchrus purpureus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cenchrus purpureus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus purpureus
Ispot Southern Africa: Cenchrus purpureus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus purpureus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cenchrus purpureus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cenchrus purpureus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cenchrus purpureus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cenchrus purpureus
Tropicos: Cenchrus purpureus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cenchrus purpureus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107860, retrieved 16 November 2018

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