Cenchrus setaceus (Forssk.) Morrone

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Cenchrus setaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, pier nr main camp

Cenchrus setaceus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Chivero, pier nr main camp

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Synonyms: Pennisetum ruppellii Steud.
Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov.
Common names: Fountain grass (English)
Status: Introduced
A densely tufted perennial grass with wiry leaves, widely cultivated as an ornamental grass in gardens and has now become naturalised in disturbed, rocky areas. Inflorescence a dense, hairy, purple spike-like panicle. Spikelets purple with whitish hairs on the stalks.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Widely naturalised, especially on roadside verges.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - July
Worldwide distribution: Native to East Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 1 February 2009

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 179 - 180.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 108. As Pennisetum setaceum

Other sources of information about Cenchrus setaceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Cenchrus setaceus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cenchrus setaceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cenchrus setaceus
African Plant Database: Cenchrus setaceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cenchrus setaceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cenchrus setaceus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cenchrus setaceus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cenchrus setaceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cenchrus setaceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cenchrus setaceus
iNaturalist: Cenchrus setaceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cenchrus setaceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Cenchrus setaceus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cenchrus setaceus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Cenchrus setaceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cenchrus setaceus
Plants of the World Online: Cenchrus setaceus
Tropicos: Cenchrus setaceus
Wikipedia: Cenchrus setaceus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cenchrus setaceus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107870, retrieved 26 October 2020

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