Tristachya leucothrix Nees

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Synonyms: Avena hispida Thunb.
Tristachya granulosa Chiov.
Tristachya hispida (L.f.) K. Schum.
Tristachya leucothrix var. bolusii De Wild.
Tristachya leucothrix var. longiaristata De Wild.
Tristachya leucothrix var. sapinii De Wild.
Tristachya monocephala Hochst.
Common names:
Tufted perennial. Culms 30–120 cm. high, the basal sheaths silky pubescent to fulvously tomentose. Panicle 7–20 cm. long, linear, nodding, bearing 1–7 triads of spikelets with connate pedicels. Spikelets 20–45 mm. long, yellow or yellowish brown, villous from rows of black tubercles. Inferior glume 3/4 length of spikelet. Superior lemma glabrous or rarely obscurely pubescent near apex, the lobes acute to acuminate, rarely prolonged into setae up to 3 mm, long, with a central awn 6–10 cm. long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Damp grassland
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 2200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 366. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 56.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 207 - 208.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 64. As Tristachya hispida

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 111.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Tristachya leucothrix:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tristachya leucothrix
Flora of Mozambique: Tristachya leucothrix
Flora of Zambia: Tristachya leucothrix

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tristachya leucothrix
African Plant Database: Tristachya leucothrix
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tristachya leucothrix
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tristachya leucothrix
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tristachya leucothrix
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tristachya leucothrix
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tristachya leucothrix
JSTOR Plant Science: Tristachya leucothrix
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tristachya leucothrix
Plants of the World Online: Tristachya leucothrix
Tropicos: Tristachya leucothrix
Wikipedia: Tristachya leucothrix

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tristachya leucothrix., retrieved 21 April 2024

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