Loudetia simplex (Nees) C.E. Hubb.

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Loudetia simplex

Photo: Petra Ballings
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Loudetia simplex

Photo: Petra Ballings
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

Loudetia simplex

Photo: Petra Ballings
Castleburn Cliffs, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Arundinella simplex (Nees) Roberty
Trichopteryx elisabethvilleana De Wild.
Trichopteryx gracilis Peter
Trichopteryx kapirensis De Wild.
Trichopteryx simplex (Nees) Engl.
Trichopteryx simplex var. crinita Stapf
Trichopteryx simplex var. gracilis Rendle
Trichopteryx simplex var. longifolia Peter
Trichopteryx simplex var. minor Stapf
Trichopteryx simplex var. sericea Stapf
Trichopteryx stipoides var. natalensis Hackel
Tristachya simplex Nees
Common names: Common russet grass (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Tufted perennial grass, 30 - 150 cm tall; basal leaf sheaths becoming fibrous and usually woolly-tomentose. Culms unbranched. Inflorescence a contracted or open panicle, broadly ovate in outline, with long, wiry branches. Spikelets 8-14 mm long, hairless or tuberculate-setose. Inferior glume obtuse: superior glume and inferior lemma obtuse to acute. Superior lemma bidentate with teeth 0.2–1 mm. long; stamens 2. Callus 0.8–1 mm. long, narrowly oblong, 2-toothed.
Derivation of specific name: simplex: undivided, entire (obviously not referring to the callus)
Habitat: In rocky places in open woodland but also in waterlogged soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 1000 - 2500 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa and Madagascar
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 12 August 2007

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 353. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 14.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 218 - 220. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 136.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 427.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 47.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 132.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 140.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 149.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 133. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Loudetia simplex:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Loudetia simplex
Flora of Caprivi: Loudetia simplex
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Loudetia simplex
Flora of Malawi: Loudetia simplex
Flora of Mozambique: Loudetia simplex
Flora of Zambia: Loudetia simplex

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Loudetia simplex
African Plant Database: Loudetia simplex
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Loudetia simplex
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Loudetia simplex
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Loudetia simplex
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Loudetia simplex
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Loudetia simplex
JSTOR Plant Science: Loudetia simplex
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Loudetia simplex
Plants of the World Online: Loudetia simplex
Tropicos: Loudetia simplex
Wikipedia: Loudetia simplex

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Loudetia simplex.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108150, retrieved 18 May 2024

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