Cleistachne sorghoides Benth.

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Common names:
Erect stilt-rooted annual up to 300 cm high, slender; nodes and internodes glabrous; leaf sheaths pilose or glabrous; ligule an entire membrane; leaf laminas 20–90 cm × 4–15 mm, linear-lanceolate, pilose on both surfaces but less so on the inferior, the midrib prominent. Panicle 8–40 cm long, compact; racemes 4–8 cm long, the peduncles pilose; spikelets varying from straw-coloured to chestnut-brown. Spikelets 4–5 mm long, oblong; callus obscure. Glumes similar in size, slightly coriaceous; inferior glume finely 7-nerved, narrowly truncate at the apex, pilose; superior glume pilose, especially at the apex and on the margins, often with a glabrous midline. Inferior floret barren, the lemma hyaline, oblong, ciliolate, 2-nerved. Superior floret with an awn 5–8 times the length of the lemma, geniculate with pilose column and scabrid limb; palea present.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Grassland and savanna
Altitude range: (metres) 350 - 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa, through Arabia to India
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 32 - 34. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 33.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 136.

Other sources of information about Cleistachne sorghoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cleistachne sorghoides
Flora of Malawi: Cleistachne sorghoides
Flora of Mozambique: Cleistachne sorghoides
Flora of Zambia: Cleistachne sorghoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cleistachne sorghoides
African Plant Database: Cleistachne sorghoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cleistachne sorghoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cleistachne sorghoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cleistachne sorghoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cleistachne sorghoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cleistachne sorghoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Cleistachne sorghoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cleistachne sorghoides
Plants of the World Online: Cleistachne sorghoides
Tropicos: Cleistachne sorghoides
Wikipedia: Cleistachne sorghoides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cleistachne sorghoides., retrieved 21 May 2024

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