Bothriochloa radicans (Lehm.) A. Camus

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Synonyms: Amphilophis radicans (Lehm.) Stapf
Andropogon ischaemum var. radicans (Lehm.) Hack.
Andropogon radicans Lehm.
Dichanthium radicans (Lehm.) Clayton
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Caespitose, often stoloniferous, perennial, shrubby or decumbent and rooting at the nodes; culms up to 70 cm high, branching from the inferior nodes to form cushions; culm nodes mostly exposed and barbate, the uppermost glabrous; leaf sheaths glabrous except at the mouth, those of the basal leaves loose and open, the remainder clasping the culms; ligule membranous; leaf laminas 6–20 cm × 2–6 mm, linear-lanceolate, gradually tapering to a fine point. Inflorescence of 5–16 subdigitate racemes; main axis slender, shorter than the lowest racemes; racemes up to 70 mm long, 10–20-jointed, shortly pedunculate; rhachis internodes densely long-pilose. Sessile spikelet 2.5–4 mm long, lanceolate; inferior glume firmly membranous, slightly concave on the back and pilose in the lower half; superior glume minutely hispid along the keel, acute at the apex; inferior floret empty, the lemma c. 3 mm long, oblong-linear, ciliolate at the apex; superior floret bisexual, epaleate, the lemma c. 1.5 mm long, stipitiform, glabrous, awned; awn c. 25 mm long, geniculate; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet neuter; inferior glume c. 3.5 mm long, oblong, with sparse long white hairs along the lateral keels and ciliolate towards the apex; superior glume c. 3 mm long, lanceolate, delicate, ciliate on the margins; inferior lemma c. 2 mm long, oblong, obtuse at the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in open bushland
Altitude range: (metres) 140 - 1350 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical and South Africa, introduced into tropical America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 44 - 45.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 100.

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 143.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 132.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 187.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.


Other sources of information about Bothriochloa radicans:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bothriochloa radicans
Flora of Caprivi: Bothriochloa radicans
Flora of Mozambique: Bothriochloa radicans
Flora of Zambia: Bothriochloa radicans

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bothriochloa radicans
African Plant Database: Bothriochloa radicans
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bothriochloa radicans
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bothriochloa radicans
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bothriochloa radicans
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bothriochloa radicans
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bothriochloa radicans
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bothriochloa radicans
iNaturalist: Bothriochloa radicans
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bothriochloa radicans
JSTOR Plant Science: Bothriochloa radicans
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bothriochloa radicans
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Bothriochloa radicans
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bothriochloa radicans
Plants of the World Online: Bothriochloa radicans
Tropicos: Bothriochloa radicans
Wikipedia: Bothriochloa radicans


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bothriochloa radicans.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108400, retrieved 29 November 2020

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