Ischaemum fasciculatum Brongn.

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Synonyms: Andropogon arcuatus (Nees) Steud.
Andropogon fasciculatus (Brongn.) Steud.
Ischaemum arcuatum (Nees) Stapf
Ischaemum fasciculatum var. arcuatum (Nees) Hack.
Ischaemum junodii Hack.
Ischaemum melleri Stent
Ischaemum purpurascens Stapf
Spodiopogon arcuatus Nees
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Rambling or prostrate rhizomatous perennial; culms up to 150 cm high; leaf laminas 5–25 cm × 3–20 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Inflorescence mostly terminal, of 2–5(8) subdigitate racemes each 3–15 cm long; rhachis internodes and pedicels ciliate, yellowish to purple, subequal, clavate. Sessile spikelet 4–7 mm long (including the large oblong callus 1–1.5 mm long), narrowly elliptic; inferior glume chartaceous or sometimes subcoriaceous in the inferior third, 2-keeled above but merely incurved towards the base, convex, glabrescent to villous, the keels with or without wings, these sometimes forming a prominent lateral tooth or lobe, usually bidentate at the apex; superior lemma with an awn 5–15 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet as long as the sessile spikelet but laterally compressed, geniculately awned from the superior lemma.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in rainforest, montane grassland and bogs, along streamsides and by waterfalls, and in low-lying swamps on sandy soils
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout tropical Africa, extending eastwards through India to Indo-China
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 34.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 51 - 53.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 46. As Isachaemum purpurascens

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 140.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 190.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.


Other sources of information about Ischaemum fasciculatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Flora of Caprivi: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Flora of Malawi: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Flora of Mozambique: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Flora of Zambia: Ischaemum fasciculatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ischaemum fasciculatum
African Plant Database: Ischaemum fasciculatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ischaemum fasciculatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ischaemum fasciculatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ischaemum fasciculatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ischaemum fasciculatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ischaemum fasciculatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ischaemum fasciculatum
iNaturalist: Ischaemum fasciculatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ischaemum fasciculatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Plants of the World Online: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Tropicos: Ischaemum fasciculatum
Wikipedia: Ischaemum fasciculatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Ischaemum fasciculatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108430, retrieved 27 October 2021

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