Andropogon chinensis (Nees) Merr.

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Synonyms: Andropogon ascinodis C.B. Clarke
Andropogon lindiensis Pilg.
Andropogon patris Robyns
Andropogon pseudoschinzii Stapf
Andropogon schinzii Hack.
Andropogon sylvaticus C.E. Hubb.
Homoeatherum chinense Nees
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 170 cm high, erect, branched, often glaucous. Leaf sheaths glabrous, with well developed auricles; ligule a short (1.5–4 mm) minutely fringed membrane; laminas 7–20 cm × 5–8 mm, very often involute, tapering to a very fine point. Racemes in pairs, 3.5–9.5 cm long, exserted from the spatheoles only at maturity, silvery with white hairs; peduncles much longer than the racemes at maturity; internodes and pedicels strongly clavate with cilia up to 6 mm long on both margins, the pedicel bilobed at the apex. Sessile spikelet 6–8 mm long, strongly compressed between internode and pedicel, the short callus shallowly inserted; inferior glume with a deep median groove, loosely pilose; superior glume convex on the back, 2-toothed at the tip and with an awn 5–9 mm long; superior lemma bifid to the middle; awn geniculate, 24–30 mm long; anthers 2.2–3.5 mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet male, 4.5–7 mm long; inferior glume loosely pilose, often 2-toothed at the apex, usually purplish-orange, with an awn 3.5–7 mm long; superior glume often with an awn 0.7–5 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: chinensis: of China
Habitat: Growing in woodland and scrub and in dambos, usually in loamy or sandy soils
Altitude range: (metres) 150 - 1550 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Arabian Peninsula, widespread in tropical and southern Africa, from India to China
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 4.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 70 - 71. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 28. As Andropogon schinzii, A. pseudo-schinzii and A. sylvaticus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 129.

Other sources of information about Andropogon chinensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Andropogon chinensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Andropogon chinensis
Flora of Malawi: Andropogon chinensis
Flora of Mozambique: Andropogon chinensis
Flora of Zambia: Andropogon chinensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon chinensis
African Plant Database: Andropogon chinensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon chinensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon chinensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon chinensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon chinensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon chinensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon chinensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon chinensis
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon chinensis
Tropicos: Andropogon chinensis
Wikipedia: Andropogon chinensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Andropogon chinensis., retrieved 22 May 2024

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