Andropogon distachyos L.

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Synonyms: Andropogon flabellifer sensu Simon non Pilg.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slightly decumbent caespitose perennial; culms c. 90 cm high, unbranched. Leaf sheaths glabrous; ligule a very short (c. 1 mm) minutely fringed membrane; laminas 7–24 cm × 2–9 mm, loosely pilose, flat, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Racemes in terminal pairs, 6–6.5 cm long (up to 10.5 cm outside the Flora Zambesiaca area), cylindrical, clearly exserted from the spatheoles only at maturity; peduncles longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels slightly clavate, ciliate with hairs up to 3.5 mm long on one margin and a few short hairs on the other (particularly noticeable on the internodes). Spikelets similar; inferior glumes asymmetrically beaked, with two broad (0.5 mm) marginal wings, pubescent; superior glumes awned. Sessile spikelet 11–12 mm long, obtuse at the base, inserted in the internode apex; inferior glume with a shallow median groove, asymmetrically winged, 2-toothed at the apex; superior glume ± flat on the back and with an awn 6–7 mm long; superior lemma bifid in the upper 2/3; awn 23–26 mm long, geniculate; anthers 2.5–3 mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet male, 9–9.5 mm long; inferior glume with an awn c. 6 mm long; superior glume with an awn c. 2 mm long; superior lemma bidentate at the apex.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in damp ground
Altitude range: (metres) 1400 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Throughout southern Europe, tropical and southern Africa, Arabia and ?Thailand
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Other sources of information about Andropogon distachyos:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Andropogon distachyos

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon distachyos
African Plant Database: Andropogon distachyos
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon distachyos
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon distachyos
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon distachyos
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon distachyos
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon distachyos
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon distachyos
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon distachyos
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon distachyos
Tropicos: Andropogon distachyos
Wikipedia: Andropogon distachyos

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Andropogon distachyos., retrieved 28 February 2024

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