Andropogon mannii Hook. f.

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Synonyms: Andropogon flabellifer Pilg.
Common names:
Status: Native
Delicate caespitose perennial; culms 30–50 cm high, erect, unbranched, often reddish; internodes very delicate. Leaf sheaths distichous, compressed and ± keeled, glabrous; ligule a very short (c. 1 mm) minutely fringed membrane; laminas 2–17 cm × c. 0.2 mm wide, flat, loosely long-pilose, tapering to a fine point at the apex. Racemes 1–5 in terminal subdigitate groups, 3–7 cm long, slender and flexuous, long-exserted from the spatheoles, dark red; peduncles much longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels filiform, almost glabrous or ciliate on both margins, the internodes shorter than the sessile spikelets. Spikelets similar, 4.5–8 mm long (the pedicelled slightly the longer), glabrous. Sessile spikelet 4.5–6 mm long, pilose at the base; inferior glume with a shallow median groove, glabrous, 1–3-mucronate at the apex; superior glume rounded on the back, usually with an awn 3–4.5 mm long; superior lemma bifid to the middle; awn geniculate, 6–16 mm long; anthers 2.5–3 mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet male, 5.5–8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: mannii: after Gustav Mann (1836-1916), British colonial representative in the Gulf of Guinea, who collected plants in that area.
Habitat: Growing in montane grassland and in shallow soil overlying rocks
Altitude range: (metres) 1540 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: tropical West Africa and Sudan, southwards to southern Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 66 - 67.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 145.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Andropogon mannii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Andropogon mannii
Flora of Mozambique: Andropogon mannii
Flora of Zambia: Andropogon mannii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon mannii
African Plant Database: Andropogon mannii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon mannii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon mannii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon mannii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Andropogon mannii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon mannii
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon mannii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon mannii
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon mannii
Tropicos: Andropogon mannii
Wikipedia: Andropogon mannii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Andropogon mannii., retrieved 19 April 2024

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