Andropogon perligulatus Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon canaliculatus sensu B.K. Simon
Andropogon centralis. Pilg.
Andropogon sp. sensu Simon
Andropogon tumidulus Stapf
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 120 cm high, erect, little branched above. Leaf sheaths with well developed auricles, glabrous; ligule (1.5)2.5–6 mm long, truncate; laminas 7.5–33 cm × 1–3.2 mm, revolute with a conspicuous keel, shortly and densely pilose, tapering to a very fine point at the apex. Racemes in pairs, 1.5–7.5 cm long, ± terete, clearly exserted from the spatheoles; peduncles much longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels ± strongly canaliculate, very broad and thin, slightly clavate, ciliate on both margins with hairs 0.5–1 mm long. Spikelets dark red. Sessile spikelet 4.5–5 mm long, with rounded callus; inferior glume with a deep median groove, glabrous; superior glume strongly convex on the back, 2-toothed at the apex, with a mucro up to 2 mm long; superior lemma 2–3.5 mm long, bifid almost to the base; awn 1–2-geniculate, 18–29 mm long; anthers 2–2.7 mm long, bright red. Pedicelled spikelet male or sterile in the same plant, 4–6 mm long; inferior glume with scattered short hairs and an awnlet up to 1.5 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in wet acidic soils
Altitude range: (metres) 1230 - 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 73.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 99.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.


Other sources of information about Andropogon perligulatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Andropogon perligulatus
Flora of Zambia: Andropogon perligulatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Andropogon perligulatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Andropogon perligulatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Andropogon perligulatus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Andropogon perligulatus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Andropogon perligulatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Andropogon perligulatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Andropogon perligulatus
iNaturalist: Andropogon perligulatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Andropogon perligulatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Andropogon perligulatus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Andropogon perligulatus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Andropogon perligulatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Andropogon perligulatus
Plants of the World Online: Andropogon perligulatus
Tropicos: Andropogon perligulatus
Wikipedia: Andropogon perligulatus


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Andropogon perligulatus.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108610, retrieved 4 December 2020

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