Schizachyrium brevifolium (Sw.) Nees ex Büse

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Synonyms: Andropogon brevifolius Sw.
Andropogon flaccidus A. Rich.
Schizachyrium brevifolium var. flaccidum (A. Rich.) Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Delicate, caespitose, erect or ± scrambling and decumbent annual, tinged with bright purplish-red; culms up to 40(80) cm high, much branched from below, often in fascicles; internodes delicate, linear, compressed. Leaf sheaths shorter than the internodes, glabrous; laminas 0.8–5 cm × up to 5.5 mm, keeled, obtuse at the apex. Racemes borne throughout the plant, 0.5–3 cm long, filiform, glabrous or sometimes with short hairs throughout, shortly exserted from and partially enclosed by the linear spatheole; peduncle shorter than the raceme; internodes and pedicels filiform and flattened below, clavate above. Sessile spikelet 2.3–3.5 mm long, 1/5 as long again as the pedicel, linear-ovate, dorsally compressed, rounded at the base; inferior glume slightly convex; superior lemma bifid almost to the base; awn slender, 6–13 mm long, geniculate; anthers very small, 0.5–0.6 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet reduced to an awned vestigial glume 0.3–1.2 mm long; awn 2.5–3.5 mm long, straight.
Derivation of specific name: brevifolium: with short leaves
Habitat: Damp and waterlogged, grazed and ungrazed meadows, open sandy ground, river- and roadsides, and cultivated ground
Altitude range: (metres) 500 - 1530 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Pantropical
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 361. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Page 82.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 57. Also as var. flaccidum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Other sources of information about Schizachyrium brevifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Schizachyrium brevifolium
Flora of Malawi: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Flora of Mozambique: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Flora of Zambia: Schizachyrium brevifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schizachyrium brevifolium
African Plant Database: Schizachyrium brevifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schizachyrium brevifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizachyrium brevifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schizachyrium brevifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Schizachyrium brevifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizachyrium brevifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Plants of the World Online: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Tropicos: Schizachyrium brevifolium
Wikipedia: Schizachyrium brevifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Schizachyrium brevifolium., retrieved 23 April 2024

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