Elymandra lithophila (Trin.) Clayton

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Synonyms: Andropogon bovonei Chiov.
Andropogon lithophilus Trin.
Hyparrhenia lithophila (Trin.) Pilg.
Sorghum lithophilum (Trin.) Kuntze
Common names:
Status: Native
Caespitose perennial; culms 30–100 cm high, slender, erect. Leaf sheaths glabrous or puberulous, with a tuft of long hairs at the mouth; ligules c. 0.5 mm long, glabrous or ciliolate; leaf laminas 3–20 cm × 2–6 mm, stiff, glabrous or puberulent. Panicle scanty, narrow, of 1–3 pairs of racemes; spatheoles linear, 5–15 cm long, glabrous or sparsely hirsute; peduncle glabrous or softly villous. Racemes 2.5–7 cm long, 6- to 16-awned per pair, slender, loose; raceme-bases glabrous or villous, the inferior very short, the superior 5–10 mm long. Homogamous spikelet-pairs 1 at the base of the inferior raceme, c. 6 mm long, similar to the pedicelled spikelets. Sessile spikelets c. 7 mm long (including the callus); callus 1–1.5 mm long, narrowly obtuse at the base, white-pubescent; superior glume with a slender awn 3–5 mm long; superior lemma 4–4.5 mm long, bilobed to the middle; awn 1.2–2.1 cm long, the column hispidulous with white hairs. Pedicelled spikelets 6–8 mm long (excluding the callus), white-villous, acute; callus 1–1.5 mm long
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing among rocks in mountains
Altitude range: (metres) 1600 - 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Brazil, DRC, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 140 - 141.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Other sources of information about Elymandra lithophila:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elymandra lithophila
African Plant Database: Elymandra lithophila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elymandra lithophila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elymandra lithophila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elymandra lithophila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elymandra lithophila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elymandra lithophila
JSTOR Plant Science: Elymandra lithophila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elymandra lithophila
Plants of the World Online: Elymandra lithophila
Tropicos: Elymandra lithophila
Wikipedia: Elymandra lithophila

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Elymandra lithophila.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=109060, retrieved 12 April 2024

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