Scleria melanomphala Kunth

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Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Mike Bingham

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area, Musamfushi

Scleria melanomphala

Photo: Lari Merrett
Mutinondo Wilderness Area, Musamfushi

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Robust tussock forming perennial 0.6-2.4 m tall, from a thick rhizome 4-6 mm wide, with very short internodes; stems glabrous but minutely to strongly scabrid on the angles. Leaves evenly spaced along culms, with margins smooth. Inflorescences of 1 terminal and 5-9 lateral often drooping lanceolate panicles 2-10 cm long., 1-3 cm wide, borne singly or 2-3 at the nodes on pendulous peduncles exerted up to 30 cm from the sheaths. Nutlets white and shiny, usually with a blue-black apex, ovoid 3.7-4(-5) mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: melanomphala: dark navel, presumable referring to the dark apex of the seed.
Habitat:
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia; tropical Africa to Angola and South Africa, Madagascar, South America
Zimbabwe distribution: N,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 303.

Gordon-Gray, K.D. (1995). Cyperaceae in Natal Strelitzia 2 Page 184.

Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H.J. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 411 - 412.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 89.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 121.


Other sources of information about Scleria melanomphala:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Malawi: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Mozambique: Scleria melanomphala
Flora of Zambia: Scleria melanomphala

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scleria melanomphala
African Plant Database: Scleria melanomphala
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scleria melanomphala
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scleria melanomphala
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Scleria melanomphala
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Scleria melanomphala
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scleria melanomphala
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Scleria melanomphala
iNaturalist: Scleria melanomphala
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scleria melanomphala
JSTOR Plant Science: Scleria melanomphala
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Scleria melanomphala
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Scleria melanomphala
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scleria melanomphala
Plants of the World Online: Scleria melanomphala
The Plant List (version 1.1): Scleria melanomphala
Tropicos: Scleria melanomphala
Wikipedia: Scleria melanomphala


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Scleria melanomphala.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=111680, retrieved 1 October 2020

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