Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Lodd.) Engl.

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Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haroni River

Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haroni River

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Synonyms: Caladium zamiifolium Lodd.
Zamioculcas lanceolata Peter
Zamioculcas loddigesii Schott
Common names: Fern arum (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb growing from a woody tuber. Leaves up to 80 cm long including the petiole, paripinnate with up to 8 pairs of subopposite leaflets. Leaflets obovate-elliptic, up to 15 cm long, somewhat fleshy, dark glossy green, shortly acuminate at the apex; margin entire. Inflorescences on a thick peduncle 3-20 cm long, erect in flower but strongly recurving in fruit. Spathe 5-8 cm long, ovate, reflexed, leathery, greenish; spadix 5-7 cm long, somewhat constricted below the middle, creamy-white to yellowish. Fruit a white berry, c. 1.2 cm in diameter, held by the persistent tepals.
Derivation of specific name: zamiifolia: leaves like a Cycad of the genus Zamia (Zamiaceae).
Habitat: In shade in evergreen forest or dense miombo woodland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 16 August 2008

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 162.

Haigh, A. & Boyce, P. (2012). Araceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(1) Pages 22 - 24. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Mayo, S.J. (1985). Araceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 15 - 17. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 506 - 507. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Zamioculcas zamiifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Flora of Mozambique: Zamioculcas zamiifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
African Plant Database: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Ispot Southern Africa: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zamioculcas zamiifolia
The Plant List (version 1.1): Zamioculcas zamiifolia
Tropicos: Zamioculcas zamiifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Zamioculcas zamiifolia., retrieved 22 July 2019

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