Scadoxus puniceus (L.) Friis & Nordal

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Scadoxus puniceus

Photo: Petra Ballings
Maleme Dam, Matobo

Scadoxus puniceus

Photo: Paul Hubbard

Scadoxus puniceus

Photo: Paul Hubbard

Scadoxus puniceus

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Near Nankie Cave, Matobo

Scadoxus puniceus

Photo: Paul Hubbard
Near Nankie Cave, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Haemanthus puniceus L.
Common names: Blood lily (English) Snake lily (English)
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Perennial herb, growing from a bulb, often suckering to form small colonies. Leaves in a basal rosette, developing with or after the flowers. Inflorescence not spherical, surrounded by large leaf-like bracts, longer than the flowers. Flowers with filiform segments, orange-red. Distinguished from S. multiflorus by the large bracts, the more flattened inflorescence and the orange-red colour of the flowers.
Derivation of specific name: puniceus: scarlet, carmine (though the flowers are actually often orange-red)
Altitude range: (metres) 1200 - 1500 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: In Zimbabwe it is only recorded from the Matobo area but it is more common in parts of South Africa as well as in parts of Tanzania and Kenya.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 21 October 2011

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 67. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 119.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 178.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 239. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 113.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2008). Amaryllidacae Flora Zambesiaca 13(1) Pages 103 - 104.

Other sources of information about Scadoxus puniceus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Scadoxus puniceus
Flora of Mozambique: Scadoxus puniceus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Scadoxus puniceus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Scadoxus puniceus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Scadoxus puniceus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Scadoxus puniceus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Scadoxus puniceus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Scadoxus puniceus
JSTOR Plant Science: Scadoxus puniceus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Scadoxus puniceus
Plants of the World Online: Scadoxus puniceus
Tropicos: Scadoxus puniceus
Wikipedia: Scadoxus puniceus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Scadoxus puniceus., retrieved 18 May 2024

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