Gladiolus mossambicensis Baker

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Gladiolus mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

Gladiolus mossambicensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chinyakwaremba, Vumba

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gladiolus gazensis Rendle
Common names:
Frequency: Fairly common in eastern Zimbabwe.
Status: Native
Perennial herb 30-40 cm tall, growing from a corm 1,8-3 cm in diameter; flowers produced before the leaves. Leaves narrowly sword-shaped. Flowering spike 10-15-flowered; floral bracts with rounded at the apex, 0,9-1,5 cm long. Flowers pink to purple; tube 0,8-0,9 cm long; dorsal tepal 1,6-1,8 cm long; anthers 0,6-0,8 cm long. Capsule obovoid, 1,2-1,6 cm long; seeds broadly winged.
Notes: This species was long regarded as a form of Gladiolus crassifolius. It can be easily distinguished by the much more slender appearance with fewer, smaller flowers. It flowers before the rains, from August to November, often after the grass is burnt and before the leaves have developed.
Derivation of specific name: mossambicensis: of Mozambique, where the type specimen was collected.
Habitat: A grassland species, flowering early, especially after veld fires.
Altitude range: (metres) 1100 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Restricted Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 1 April 2006

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 68 - 70. Included under G. crassifolius (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 94 - 98. Included under G. crassifolius (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 19, plate 37 as Gladiolus gazensis

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Gladiolus mossambicensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus mossambicensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus mossambicensis
African Plant Database: Gladiolus mossambicensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus mossambicensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus mossambicensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus mossambicensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus mossambicensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus mossambicensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gladiolus mossambicensis
iNaturalist: Gladiolus mossambicensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus mossambicensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Tropicos: Gladiolus mossambicensis
Wikipedia: Gladiolus mossambicensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gladiolus mossambicensis., retrieved 28 January 2022

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