Gladiolus juncifolius Goldblatt

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Gladiolus juncifolius

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Chimanimani NP

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Common names: Hwenyanguruve (Shona)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, 20-35 cm tall, growing from corms. Leaves 2-3 basal, terete, 1-2 mm wide, developing long before the flowers appear and usually dry and broken at flowering time; 2 more leaves along the stem, short and completely sheathing. Inflorescence 3-6-flowered. Flowers pale pink to purplish with the lower tepals yellow in the basal part and darker pink at the apex.
Notes: Note: the unusual flowering time during the winter months, the dimorphic leaves and the small size of plant and flowers distinguishes this species from others. See Gladiolus zimbabweensis for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: juncifolius : leaves like a Juncus, referring to the terete leaves.
Habitat: Occurring in rocky areas of montane grassland.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Jul - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 29 June 2010

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 28.

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 73 - 74. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa Timber Press. Portland, Oregon. Pages 102 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Gladiolus juncifolius:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Gladiolus juncifolius

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gladiolus juncifolius
African Plant Database: Gladiolus juncifolius
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gladiolus juncifolius
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gladiolus juncifolius
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Gladiolus juncifolius
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Gladiolus juncifolius
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gladiolus juncifolius
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Gladiolus juncifolius
iNaturalist: Gladiolus juncifolius
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gladiolus juncifolius
JSTOR Plant Science: Gladiolus juncifolius
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Gladiolus juncifolius
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Gladiolus juncifolius
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gladiolus juncifolius
Plants of the World Online: Gladiolus juncifolius
Tropicos: Gladiolus juncifolius
Wikipedia: Gladiolus juncifolius

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Gladiolus juncifolius., retrieved 20 October 2021

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