Costus afer Ker Gawl.

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Costus afer

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Costus afer

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Costus afer

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rusitu Forest

Costus afer

Photo: Neil Crouch
Haroni Gorge, Chimanimani

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Twisted ginger (English)
Frequency: Very local in Zimbabwe
Status: Native
Tall perennial herb. Leaves spirally arranged along the stem, oblong-oblanceolate, 15-25 cm long, dark green and hairless above, hairless below except for a line of hairs at the margin; apex acuminate. Inflorescence terminal with green, leathery, overlapping bracts. Flowers white with a pale to deep pink lip.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Along forest margins.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 23 January 2008

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 163.

Lock, J.M. & Diniz, M.A. (2010). Costaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 117 - 118.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 112.

Other sources of information about Costus afer:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Costus afer
Flora of Mozambique: Costus afer
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Costus afer

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Costus afer
African Plant Database: Costus afer
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Costus afer
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Costus afer
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Costus afer
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Costus afer
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Costus afer
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Costus afer
iNaturalist: Costus afer
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Costus afer
JSTOR Plant Science: Costus afer
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Costus afer
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Costus afer
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Costus afer
Plants of the World Online: Costus afer
The Plant List (version 1.1): Costus afer
Tropicos: Costus afer
Wikipedia: Costus afer

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Costus afer., retrieved 24 October 2019

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