Disperis dicerochila Summerh.

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Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge Fern Gardens, Vumba.

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Ndundu Lodge Fern Gardens, Vumba.

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chelida Camp, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Kaulime, Nyika National Park

Disperis dicerochila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lake Kaulime, Nyika National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Terrestrial herb, up to 25 cm. Leaves 2, opposite, ovate, dark green. Inflorescence usually 1-3 flowered. Flowers pale to deep pink, with darker markings in the hood, sometimes almost white. Dorsal sepal joined with the petals to form an broad, open hood. Lateral sepals spreading, each with a sac-like spur. Lip with limb and appendages glabrous.
Notes: This species can be similar to Disperis virginalis, which is mainly distinguished by having the limb and appendages of the lip papillose-hairy. In Zimbabwe, however, they usually appear fairly distinctly different with D. virginalis being consistently white and a narrower hood with more pronounced "horns" formed by the erect, pointed petals.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In leaf litter or on mossy logs in evergreen forest. Also found in pine plantations.
Altitude range: (metres) 1600 - 2300 m
Flowering time:Feb - Mar
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 322. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 57.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 239 - 240. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 156. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Moriarty, A. (1975). Wild Flowers of Malawi Purnell & sons Cape Town. Pages 53 - 54. (Includes a picture).

Morris, B. (1970). Epiphytic Orchids of Malawi The Society of Malawi Pages 33 - 34. Also a Disperis nr. nelsonii

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 119.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 109. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 135.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 102 - 103. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Disperis dicerochila:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Disperis dicerochila
Flora of Zambia: Disperis dicerochila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disperis dicerochila
African Plant Database: Disperis dicerochila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disperis dicerochila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disperis dicerochila
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Disperis dicerochila
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Disperis dicerochila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disperis dicerochila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Disperis dicerochila
iNaturalist: Disperis dicerochila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disperis dicerochila
JSTOR Plant Science: Disperis dicerochila
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Disperis dicerochila
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Disperis dicerochila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disperis dicerochila
Plants of the World Online: Disperis dicerochila
The Plant List (version 1.1): Disperis dicerochila
Tropicos: Disperis dicerochila
Wikipedia: Disperis dicerochila


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Disperis dicerochila.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117790, retrieved 18 October 2019

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