Centemopsis gracilenta (Hiern) Schinz

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Centemopsis gracilenta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Nyangombe Falls, Nyanga Nat. Park

Centemopsis gracilenta

Photo: Bart Wursten
Rd to Nyangombe Falls, Nyanga Nat. Park

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Synonyms: Centema gracilenta Hiern
Centemopsis myurus Suesseng.
Psilotrichum gracilentum (Hiern) C.B. Clarke
Common names:
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Erect annual herb or sometimes a short-lived perennial, growing up to 1.5 m tall. Stems wiry, ridged, hairless except for whitish hairs at the slightly swollen nodes. Leaves opposite, sessile, linear-filiform, up to 10 cm long, mostly hairless to sparsely hairy when young, sharply mucronate at the apex. Inflorescences in terminal spikes, bright red, pink, or whitish, up to 4 cm long in flower, elongating up to 20 cm in fruit.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: It is most common on sandy soils in woodland but also occurs in grassland, on rocky hills and along roadsides.
Altitude range: (metres) 450 - 1700 m
Flowering time:Jan - May
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 78 - 79. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 12.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Townsend, C.C. (1988). Amaranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(1) Pages 75 - 76.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 87.

Other sources of information about Centemopsis gracilenta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Centemopsis gracilenta
Flora of Mozambique: Centemopsis gracilenta
Flora of Zambia: Centemopsis gracilenta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Centemopsis gracilenta
African Plant Database: Centemopsis gracilenta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Centemopsis gracilenta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Centemopsis gracilenta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Centemopsis gracilenta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Centemopsis gracilenta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Centemopsis gracilenta
JSTOR Plant Science: Centemopsis gracilenta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Centemopsis gracilenta
Plants of the World Online: Centemopsis gracilenta
Tropicos: Centemopsis gracilenta
Wikipedia: Centemopsis gracilenta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Centemopsis gracilenta.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=122280, retrieved 30 May 2024

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