Phytolacca dioica L.

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Phytolacca dioica

Photo: David Hartung

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Common names: Belhambra (English) Bella ombre (English) OmbĂș (English)
Frequency: Frequently cultivated; rare as an escape
Status: Cultivated and naturalised
Dioecious tree to 20 m or more. Leaves alternate, simple; petiole long, slender; lamina elliptic to ovate with an acute apex; midvein prominent. Inflorescences racemose, suberect, becoming pendulous. Male flowers: stamens 20-30. Female flowers: staminodes c. 10; ovary consisting of 7-10 carpels. Fruit a berry.
Derivation of specific name: dioica: with male and female flowers on separate plants; dioecious
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: South America
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 24 September 2011

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 92.

Other sources of information about Phytolacca dioica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Phytolacca dioica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Phytolacca dioica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phytolacca dioica
African Plant Database: Phytolacca dioica
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phytolacca dioica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phytolacca dioica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phytolacca dioica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phytolacca dioica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phytolacca dioica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phytolacca dioica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phytolacca dioica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phytolacca dioica
Ispot Southern Africa: Phytolacca dioica
JSTOR Plant Science: Phytolacca dioica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phytolacca dioica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phytolacca dioica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Phytolacca dioica
Tropicos: Phytolacca dioica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phytolacca dioica., retrieved 19 March 2018

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