Silene gallica L.

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Silene gallica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gahinga Trail, Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.

Silene gallica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gahinga Trail, Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.

Silene gallica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gahinga Trail, Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.

Silene gallica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gahinga Trail, Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.

Silene gallica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Gahinga Trail, Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Introduced
Description:
Erect annual herb up to 40 cm high. Leaves oblanceolate, up to 8 cm long, sparsely hairy on both surfaces; margin entire; sessile but basal ones narrowing into a subpetiole. Inflorescence terminal, 2-9-flowered, often one-sided; bracts leaf-like, narrowly lanceolate, sessile. hairy, often glandular; pedicels o-8 mm long. Calyx oblong-cylindric, c. 8 mm long, enlarging and becoming broadly campanulate in fruit, calyx teeth 5, c. 2 mm long. Petals narrowly oblanceolate, 9-11 mm long, white to pinkish often with a darker carmine blotch. Capsule ovoid, about as long as the persisting calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: As a weed of cultivation or along road sides.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native in Europe, North Africa and from Turkey to Iran. Introduced in many other parts of the world.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Friday 7 July 2023
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 51.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Wild, H. (1960-1). Caryophyllaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Page 352.


Other sources of information about Silene gallica:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Silene gallica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Silene gallica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Silene gallica
African Plant Database: Silene gallica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Silene gallica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Silene gallica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Silene gallica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Silene gallica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Silene gallica
JSTOR Plant Science: Silene gallica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Silene gallica
Plants of the World Online: Silene gallica
Tropicos: Silene gallica
Wikipedia: Silene gallica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Silene gallica.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=123380, retrieved 16 July 2024

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