Anemone transvaalensis (Szyszyl.) Burtt Davy

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Anemone transvaalensis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave to Paradise Pool, Chimanimani

Anemone transvaalensis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave to Paradise Pool, Chimanimani

Anemone transvaalensis

Photo: Neil Crouch
Red Wall Cave to Paradise Pool, Chimanimani

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Synonyms: Anemone peneensis Baker f.
Anemone whyteana Baker f.
Knowltonia transvaalensis Szyszyl.
Common names: Blister-leaf (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, up to 0.9 m. Leaves basal, 3-foliolate to 2-pinnate, ultimate leaflets lobed to almost entire, hairy below. Flowers on a long, branched, leafless flowering stem, white, sometimes tinged with pink, c. 2-3 cm in diameter, with a yellow spherical mass of stamens.
Notes: When crushed, the leaves release a highly irritant sap, containing a chemical called anemonol.
Derivation of specific name: transvaalensis: from the Transvaal, South Africa
Habitat: In damp places in montane grassland and bracken scrub.
Altitude range: (metres) 1500 - 2100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and northern South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 4 October 2008

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 24 - 25. as Knowltonia transvaalensis (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 97. as Knowltonia transvaalensis

Exell, A.W. & Milne-Redhead, E. (1960). Ranunculaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 97 - 98. as Knowltonia transvaalensis (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 140 - 141. as Knowltonia transvaalensis transvaalensis (Includes a picture).

Manning, J.C., Goldblatt, P. & Hoot, S.B. (2009). The genus Knowltonia subsumed within Anemone Bothalia 39(2) Pages 217 - 219.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69. as Knowltonia transvaalensis transvaalensis

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 140 - 141. as Knowltonia transvaalensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 157. as Knowltonia transvaalensis

Other sources of information about Anemone transvaalensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Anemone transvaalensis
Flora of Mozambique: Anemone transvaalensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Anemone transvaalensis
African Plant Database: Anemone transvaalensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Anemone transvaalensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Anemone transvaalensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anemone transvaalensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Anemone transvaalensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Anemone transvaalensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Anemone transvaalensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Anemone transvaalensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anemone transvaalensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Anemone transvaalensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Anemone transvaalensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Anemone transvaalensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anemone transvaalensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Anemone transvaalensis
Tropicos: Anemone transvaalensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Anemone transvaalensis., retrieved 17 March 2018

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