Cinnamomum camphora (L.) Nees & Eberm.

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Cinnamomum camphora

Photo: Mark Hyde
Greystone Park Nature Reserve

Cinnamomum camphora

Photo: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

Cinnamomum camphora

Photo: Mark Hyde
University of Zimbabwe grounds

Cinnamomum camphora

Photo: Mark Hyde
Groombridge Avenue, near junction with The Chase, Harare

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Synonyms: Camphora officinarum Nees
Laurus camphora L.
Persea camphora (L.) Spreng.
Common names: Camphor-tree (English)
Status: Cultivated and rarely naturalised
Glabrous evergreen tree to 25 m tall. Canopy dense. Leaves bright green, glossy above, pale blue-grey beneath, pinkish on young growth, smelling of camphor when crushed, 3-veined from the base; buds enclosed by large overlapping scales. Flowers yellowish or greenish-white, tiny, borne in axillary panicles. Fruit a bluish-black berry.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In montane and riverine forest or in miombo woodland
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: China, Taiwan and Japan
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 5 July 2016

Bailey, L.H. (1949). Manual of Cultivated Plants Revised edition. Macmillan, New York. Page 423.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 172. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cinnamomum camphora:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Cinnamomum camphora
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Cinnamomum camphora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cinnamomum camphora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cinnamomum camphora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cinnamomum camphora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cinnamomum camphora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cinnamomum camphora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cinnamomum camphora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cinnamomum camphora
iNaturalist: Cinnamomum camphora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cinnamomum camphora
JSTOR Plant Science: Cinnamomum camphora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cinnamomum camphora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cinnamomum camphora
Plants of the World Online: Cinnamomum camphora
Tropicos: Cinnamomum camphora
Wikipedia: Cinnamomum camphora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cinnamomum camphora., retrieved 1 December 2022

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