Argemone mexicana L.

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Argemone mexicana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, Harare

Argemone mexicana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mukuvisi Woodland, Harare

Argemone mexicana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Argemone mexicana

Photo: Bart Wursten
By Mazowe River, between camp and weir, Hippo Pools

Argemone mexicana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Garura section of Mazowe River Game Reserve, Maramba CL, across Mazowe River from Hippo Pools

Argemone mexicana

Photo: Gary Layard
Ruckomechi River, Mana Pools

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. ochroleuca
Argemone subfusiformis G.B. Ownbey
Common names: Mexican poppy (English) Prickly poppy (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Introduced
Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. Leaves sessile, × amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Veins on upper surface white, the leaf appearing variegated. Flowers 35-45 mm in diameter, either bright yellow or cream coloured. Capsule 25-45 mm, ellipsoid, spiny.
Notes: Two colour forms occur, bright yellow and cream coloured. Both appear to be equally common. Some authors have treated this as a separate species, namely Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. ochroleuca
Derivation of specific name: mexicana: of Mexico
Habitat: A weed of waste land, disturbed sites and sandy river beds.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of Central and tropical South America.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 16 September 2013

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 24 - 25. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1960). Papaveraceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 180 - 181.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 212. (Includes a picture).

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 90. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91. also as Argemone ochroleuca subsp. ochroleuca

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 221. as Argemone ochroleuca

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 11. (Includes a picture).


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Other sources of information about Argemone mexicana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Argemone mexicana
Flora of Caprivi: Argemone mexicana
Flora of Malawi: Argemone mexicana
Flora of Mozambique: Argemone mexicana
Flora of Zambia: Argemone mexicana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Argemone mexicana
African Plant Database: Argemone mexicana
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Argemone mexicana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Argemone mexicana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Argemone mexicana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Argemone mexicana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Argemone mexicana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Argemone mexicana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Argemone mexicana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Argemone mexicana
Ispot Southern Africa: Argemone mexicana
JSTOR Plant Science: Argemone mexicana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Argemone mexicana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Argemone mexicana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Argemone mexicana
Tropicos: Argemone mexicana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Argemone mexicana., retrieved 24 February 2018

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