Cleome oxyphylla Burch.
var. oxyphylla

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Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maleme Dam, near camp site

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Polanisia oxyphylla (Burch.) DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect shrubby annual herb 30-80 cm tall. Leaves 3-7-foliolate, up to 2.5 cm long, upper leaves much smaller, subsessile and with fewer leaflets, oblong-lanceolate to oblanceolate, glandular hairy on both sides; petiole on the lower leaves up to 6 cm long. Flowers in a lax terminal raceme; petals rose-pink to purple, yellow near the base. Stamens 8-12, the lower 4 as long as the petals. Capsule c. 8 × 0.4 cm, glandular hairy.
Notes: Note 1: C. oxyphylla var. robusta Kers is listed for the Southern Division in the Checklist of Zimbabwean Vascular Plants (SABONET report 33, Mapaura & Timberlake, 2004) but no details are known since no specimens were found at SRGH.

Note 2: this species is somewhat similar to C. hirta but differs in the (ob)lanceolate, not linear leaflets.
Derivation of specific name: oxyphylla: with a sharp or pointed leaf
Habitat: Occurring in rocky areas.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe (Besna Kobila and Maleme areas in the Matobo Hills), Mpumalanga, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: W
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 7 February 2009

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 32.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 44. as Cleome oxyphylla

Wild, H. (1960). Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Pages 200 - 201. As Cleome oxyphylla

Other sources of information about Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cleome oxyphylla
African Plant Database: Cleome oxyphylla
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cleome oxyphylla
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cleome oxyphylla
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cleome oxyphylla
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cleome oxyphylla
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cleome oxyphylla
JSTOR Plant Science: Cleome oxyphylla
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cleome oxyphylla
Plants of the World Online: Cleome oxyphylla
Tropicos: Cleome oxyphylla
Wikipedia: Cleome oxyphylla

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cleome oxyphylla var. oxyphylla., retrieved 18 April 2024

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