Acacia caffra (Thunb.) Willd.

Images: None on this site.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Senegalia caffra (Thunb.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb.
Common names: Common hook-thorn (English)
Status: Planted or introduced
Shrub or small tree with a narrow crown. Bark not peeling. Prickles mostly in pairs, sometimes scattered. Leaves: petiole 1.3-3.5 cm long gland near the base of the pinnae small or absent; lamina large, drooping, 15-20 × 6 cm with 10-20 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 2-7 mm long. Spikes of creamy-white flowers clustered at the junction of the new year’s growth with the old. Pods brown, straight.
Notes: Doubtfully recorded from Zimbabwe. A colony of trees occurred in the Tynwald area of Harare in the late 80s and 90s (this record gives the details); however these were likely planted or introduced. In addition, there is a record from Wedza Mountain but I understand that this was not substantiated with a herbarium specimen.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, or South Africa
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Eswatini.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 72 - 73.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 42 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia caffra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia caffra
Flora of Mozambique: Acacia caffra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia caffra
African Plant Database: Acacia caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia caffra
Plants of the World Online: Acacia caffra
Tropicos: Acacia caffra
Wikipedia: Acacia caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Acacia caffra., retrieved 5 December 2023

Site software last modified: 26 March 2018 2:01pm (GMT +2)
Terms of use