Neptunia oleracea Lour.

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Neptunia oleracea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Tembwahata pans, Gonarezhou National Park.

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Synonyms: Mimosa prostrata Lam.
Neptunia prostrata (Lam.) Baill.
Common names:
Status: Native
Aquatic herb. Stems creeping, often swollen and floating, rooting at the nodes. Leaves sensitive, bipinnate with 2-4 pairs. Leaflets in 7-22 pairs, oblong 5-20 mm long, mostly hairless. Flowers in subspherical axillary heads, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, bright yellow, on very long peduncles. Pods shortly oblong, up to 1.2 × 3.5 cm, in umbel-like clusters, bent at an angle to a short basal stipe.
Derivation of specific name: oleracea: vegetable-garden herb used in cooking
Habitat: In and around pools, lakes and swamps.
Altitude range: (metres)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical areas of the Old and New World
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,E,S
Growth form(s): Aquatic.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Wednesday 7 September 2011

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 45 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 216.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 260. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 210.

Other sources of information about Neptunia oleracea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Neptunia oleracea
Flora of Caprivi: Neptunia oleracea
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Neptunia oleracea
Flora of Malawi: Neptunia oleracea
Flora of Mozambique: Neptunia oleracea
Flora of Zambia: Neptunia oleracea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Neptunia oleracea
African Plant Database: Neptunia oleracea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Neptunia oleracea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Neptunia oleracea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Neptunia oleracea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Neptunia oleracea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Neptunia oleracea
JSTOR Plant Science: Neptunia oleracea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Neptunia oleracea
Plants of the World Online: Neptunia oleracea
Tropicos: Neptunia oleracea
Wikipedia: Neptunia oleracea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Neptunia oleracea., retrieved 2 March 2024

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