Brachystegia spiciformis Benth.

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Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cleveland Dam

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Osborne Dam Recreational Park

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
Bunga Views, Vumba

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bridal Veil Falls, Chimanimani

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
11, Blue Haze Lane, Umwinsidale

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nyamkombe River bridge, road to Katiyo

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Patricia Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Suzanne Carter

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Suzanne Carter

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Patricia Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Patricia Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Mkushi, Nkumbi International College

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Kabompo Gorge Kanyikezhi.

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Lusaka

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Kabompo Gorge exit.

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
Kabompo Gorge

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
K

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
K

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mike Bingham
K

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: UJ Staff
TCT-Catapú

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: UJ Staff
TCT-Catapú

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Haka Game Park

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

Brachystegia spiciformis

Photo: Mark Hyde
c. 11 kms north of Masvingo Birchenough Road on road to Gutu

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Brachystegia bragaei Harms
Brachystegia randii Baker f.
Common names: Igonde (Ndebele) Msasa (Shona) Musasa (Shona) Mutatsa (Shona)
Frequency: Common in most of Zimbabwe
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous tree. Leaflets (2-)4-5(-6) pairs per leaf, the terminal pair the largest; ± ovate to elliptic, glabrous, often asymmetric, held in the plane of the leaf; margin without hairs. Racemes up to 6 × 4.5 cm, usually unbranched, terminal, occurring throughout the crown. Flowers green with white filaments, sweetly scented. Pedicel scars persistent. Bracteoles 5-10 × 4-5 mm. Tepals 0 or 1-2, usually rudimentary. Pods up to 16.5 × 4.5 cm, scattered through the crown, glabrous.
Notes: It is the splendid pallet of colours from the new leaves that form the main spectacle in spring. For differences between Msasa and the similar Munondo see Julbernardia globiflora.
Derivation of specific name: spiciformis: resembling a spike, presumably referring to the inflorescence
Habitat: A widespread and dominant constituent of the Miombo woodland
Altitude range: (metres) 1060 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acada biseriatus (Food plant)
Gonometa robusta (Food plant)
Charaxes protoclea azota (Food plant)
Micraphe lateritia (Larval foodplant)
Grammodora nigrolineata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Monday 28 September 2015
Literature:

Bingham, M.G. (2010). Notes on Zambian trees: Brachystegia spiciformis - Muputu Black Lechwe 17(1) Pages 16 - 18. (Includes a picture).

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 101 - 104. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 119. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 244. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7. As Brachystegia spiciformis kwangensis

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 81 - 84. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 42.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 66 - 67. (Includes a picture).

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 106 - 107. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 19. as Brachystegia bragaei (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 90.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.


Other sources of information about Brachystegia spiciformis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Brachystegia spiciformis
Flora of Mozambique: Brachystegia spiciformis
Flora of Zambia: Brachystegia spiciformis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Brachystegia spiciformis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Brachystegia spiciformis
African Plant Database: Brachystegia spiciformis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Brachystegia spiciformis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Brachystegia spiciformis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Brachystegia spiciformis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Brachystegia spiciformis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Brachystegia spiciformis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Brachystegia spiciformis
iNaturalist: Brachystegia spiciformis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Brachystegia spiciformis
JSTOR Plant Science: Brachystegia spiciformis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Brachystegia spiciformis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Brachystegia spiciformis
Plants of the World Online: Brachystegia spiciformis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Brachystegia spiciformis
Tropicos: Brachystegia spiciformis
Wikipedia: Brachystegia spiciformis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Brachystegia spiciformis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126660, retrieved 18 November 2019

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