Cassia afrofistula Brenan
var. patentipila Brenan

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Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Cheringoma

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Cheringoma

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Cheringoma

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Chiniziuwa River, Cheringoma

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Chironde Camp to Mungari Airstrip, Coutada 12

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Chironde Camp to Mungari Airstrip, Coutada 12

Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from Chironde Camp to Mungari Airstrip, Coutada 12

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: African-pipe Cassia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Leaves paripinnate without any glands on the rhachis or petiole; leaflets in 4-9 pairs, hairless, ovate-elliptic, tapering. Flowers in showy, erect pyramidal panicles, bright yellow. Fruit a brittle, blackish-brown pod, up to 60 cm long, tapering at both ends.
Notes: Only one plant is known from the Mahenye area in the Save Lowveld. This habitat is threatened by cultivation. It may also occur in the Chewore Safari Area on the Zambezi (Trees of Southern Africa, Coates Palgrave, p 340, 2002).
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Normally occurring in bush on coastal sand dunes but also known from sandy islands in the Save and Zambezi(?) rivers.
Altitude range: (metres) 240 m (approx)
Flowering time:Any time of the year
Worldwide distribution: From East Africa southwards to Limpopo and Mpumalanga
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Critically Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Saturday 31 January 2009
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 169 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 251. As Cassia afrofistula (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.


Other sources of information about Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cassia afrofistula
African Plant Database: Cassia afrofistula
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Cassia afrofistula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cassia afrofistula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cassia afrofistula
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cassia afrofistula
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cassia afrofistula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cassia afrofistula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cassia afrofistula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cassia afrofistula
Ispot Southern Africa: Cassia afrofistula
JSTOR Plant Science: Cassia afrofistula
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cassia afrofistula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cassia afrofistula
The Plant List (version 1.1): Cassia afrofistula
Tropicos: Cassia afrofistula


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Cassia afrofistula var. patentipila.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126880, retrieved 16 July 2019

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