Biophytum umbraculum Welw.

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Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd, before Westaway

Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Val D'Or

Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Nyamkwarara Valley, Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Nyamkwarara Valley, Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Biophytum umbraculum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Nyamkwarara Valley, Forestry Estate, Stapleford

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Biophytum petersianum Klotzsch
Biophytum rotundifolium Delhaye
Biophytum sessile Knuth
Oxalis sessilis Buch.-Ham. ex Baill.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Annual herb, up to 40 cm. Stem simple, hairy, with a terminal rosette of pinnate leaves. Leaves with 3-10 pairs of leaflets, decreasing in size with the terminal pair largest, somewhat stiff and thickly textured. Inflorescences in 2-5-flowered umbels peduncles of up to 9 cm long. Flowers yellow or orange; pedicels shorter than the length of the calyx.
Notes: The leaves are sensitive and the leaflets fold up along the rhachis while the rosette may fold up as well.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In Brachystegia woodland and cultivated land, particularly on sandy soils.
Altitude range: (metres) 640 - 1660 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Madagascar and tropical Asia.
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 62 - 63. as Biophytum petersianum (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6. As Biophytum petersianum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 93. as Biophytum petersianum

Exell, A.W. (1963). Oxalidaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 157 - 159. as Biophytum petersianum (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. & Gonçalves, M.L. (1969). 35. Oxalidaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 10 - 11. as Biophytum petersianum

Lourteig, A. (1981). Biophytum umbraculum (Oxalidaceae) Brittonia 33(3) Pages 451 - 452.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 65. as Biophytum petersianum

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 83.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 89. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 142. as Biophytum petersianum


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Other sources of information about Biophytum umbraculum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Biophytum umbraculum
Flora of Mozambique: Biophytum umbraculum
Flora of Zambia: Biophytum umbraculum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Biophytum umbraculum
African Plant Database: Biophytum umbraculum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Biophytum umbraculum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Biophytum umbraculum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Biophytum umbraculum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Biophytum umbraculum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Biophytum umbraculum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Biophytum umbraculum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Biophytum umbraculum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Biophytum umbraculum
Ispot Southern Africa: Biophytum umbraculum
JSTOR Plant Science: Biophytum umbraculum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Biophytum umbraculum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Biophytum umbraculum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Biophytum umbraculum
Tropicos: Biophytum umbraculum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Biophytum umbraculum., retrieved 18 February 2018

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