Tropaeolum majus L.

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Tropaeolum majus

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle Hotel, in front of the main terrace

Tropaeolum majus

Photo: Bart Wursten
La Rochelle

Tropaeolum majus

Photo: Mark Hyde
Helsdon Avenue, New Alexandra Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Garden nasturtium (English) Indian cress (English)
Status: Planted
Annual herb with trailing stems up to c. 1 m long, widely cultivated as a garden plant and often used in salads. Leaves nearly circular, 3-15 cm in diameter, green to blue-green above, paler beneath, distinctly peltate with the petiole, 5-30 cm long, attached nearly in the centre of the lamina. Flowers yellow, orange or red, often with darker markings at the base of the petals, 2.5-6 cm in diameter, with a basal spur 2.5-3 cm long. Fruit c. 2 cm in diameter, with 3 one-seeded segments.
Notes: Notes: It has been included on the basis of at least one record as a garden escape along a roadside.
This species is probably of cultivated, hybrid origin.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Very rarely escaping on roadsides
Altitude range: (metres) 1450 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: South America. Known as an invasive introduction in Hawai and New Zealand.
Zimbabwe distribution: C
Growth form(s): Climber.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 15 February 2011

Other sources of information about Tropaeolum majus:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tropaeolum majus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Tropaeolum majus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tropaeolum majus
African Plant Database: Tropaeolum majus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tropaeolum majus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tropaeolum majus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tropaeolum majus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tropaeolum majus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tropaeolum majus
JSTOR Plant Science: Tropaeolum majus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tropaeolum majus
Plants of the World Online: Tropaeolum majus
Tropicos: Tropaeolum majus
Wikipedia: Tropaeolum majus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Tropaeolum majus., retrieved 21 May 2024

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