Phyllanthus arvensis Müll. Arg.

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Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

Phyllanthus arvensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sheba Vlei at entrance of Forestry Estate, Stapleford.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect or procumbent, mat-forming perennial herb, mostly less than 80 cm high, rarely up to 2 m, hairless; stems red, fleshy, arising from a horizontal woody root system. Lateral shoots 2–6 cm long. Leaves ovate-suborbicular to elliptic-obovate, 3–10 mm long, pale green; midrib sometimes meandering, lateral nerves in 4–8 pairs, meandering and irregularly branching and anastomosing, prominent and somewhat thickened beneath; margins sometimes slightly revolute and reddish-tinged; stipules 2-3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, pale brown to dark reddish brown. Flowers with sexes usually on different plants, rarely on the same plant. Male flowers in 2–4-flowered bracteate axillary clusters; bracts resembling the stipules; pedicels 1.2–1.5 mm long, broadening at the apex; sepals 5, ovate-suborbicular, 1.5–2 mm long, concave, rounded, creamy-white; disk glands 5, 0.3 mm across, flat; stamens 3, filaments combined into a column c. 1 mm high. Female flowers on pedicels 2 mm long, increasing to 3 mm in fruit; sepals 5-6, elliptic or elliptic-ovate, 1.5 mm long, up to 2.5 mm in fruit, rounded, green with white margins; disk 0.8 mm in diameter, 6-lobed to subentire, styles 3, bifid, the stigmas recurved, reddish. Fruit depressed-subglobose, 3 mm in diameter, smooth, yellowish-green, partially enveloped by the persistent sepals.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: arvensis: of cultivated fields
Habitat: In moist places in submontane grassland by streams, swamps and in seepage areas, also dambos and seepage areas on granite outcrops and stream sides.
Altitude range: (metres) 1220 - 2285 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Zimbabwe distribution: C,E
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Tuesday 29 January 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 146.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 49.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 79 - 80.


Other sources of information about Phyllanthus arvensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Phyllanthus arvensis
Flora of Zambia: Phyllanthus arvensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Phyllanthus arvensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Phyllanthus arvensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Phyllanthus arvensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Phyllanthus arvensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Phyllanthus arvensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Phyllanthus arvensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Phyllanthus arvensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Phyllanthus arvensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Phyllanthus arvensis
Ispot Southern Africa: Phyllanthus arvensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Phyllanthus arvensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Phyllanthus arvensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Phyllanthus arvensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Phyllanthus arvensis
Tropicos: Phyllanthus arvensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Phyllanthus arvensis.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134080, retrieved 22 April 2019

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