Hymenocardia ulmoides Oliv.

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Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Sofala, Mozambique.

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Mozambique

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: UJ Staff
TCT-Catapú

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Mike Bingham
Samfya District, Samfya

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Jos Stevens
Ferme Randu, southwest Katanga Province, DRC

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Jos Stevens
Ferme Randu, southwest Katanga Province, DRC

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Jos Stevens
Ferme Randu, southwest Katanga Province, DRC

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Jos Stevens
Ferme Randu, southwest Katanga Province, DRC

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path from Nhago Camp to nearby settlement, Coutada 12

Hymenocardia ulmoides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Path from Nhago Camp to nearby settlement, Coutada 12

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Hymenocardia capensis Hutch.
Common names: Small red-heart (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Usually a small tree to medium-sized tree. Leaves alternate, elliptic-ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, broadly tapering, bright or dark green above, paler below with a few scattered gland dots and minute domatia in the axils of the veins; margins entire somewhat rolled under; petiole reddish. Flowers unisexual on different trees, male flowers, pinkish in small catkin-like spikes; female flowers solitary, green. Fruit sub-orbicular or heart-shaped, flat, almost completely surrounded by a wing, emarginate at the apex, rose-red, streaked with yellow or green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: ulmoides: resembling an Elm tree (Ulmus sp).
Habitat: In sandy soils, riverine fringes, coastal forest, high rainfall woodland, on rocky outcrops and in forested gullies.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe; widespread in central and southern Africa.
Zimbabwe distribution: E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Thursday 29 January 2009
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 413. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 251.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 114 - 115. (Includes a picture).


Other sources of information about Hymenocardia ulmoides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Mozambique: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora of Zambia: Hymenocardia ulmoides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenocardia ulmoides
African Plant Database: Hymenocardia ulmoides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenocardia ulmoides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenocardia ulmoides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenocardia ulmoides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenocardia ulmoides
iNaturalist: Hymenocardia ulmoides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenocardia ulmoides
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Plants of the World Online: Hymenocardia ulmoides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenocardia ulmoides
Tropicos: Hymenocardia ulmoides
Wikipedia: Hymenocardia ulmoides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia ulmoides.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134530, retrieved 5 July 2020

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