Sclerocroton cf. armatus

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Sclerocroton cf. armatus

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

Sclerocroton cf. armatus

Photo: Mark Hyde
National Botanic Garden, Harare

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Synonyms: Sapium armatum Pax & K. Hoffm.
Sapium integerrimum (Hochst.) J.Léonard
Common names: Tallow tree (English)
Status: Native
Very similar to S. integerrimus. Small tree, 4.5 - 7.5 m tall. Branches pendulous. Leaves ovate or oblong-ovate, larger than S. integerrimus, up to 14 × 6 cm; apex acuminate; margin crenate-serrate; glands on the lamina sparingly and irregularly arranged towards the margin and mot necessarily at the base. Petiole 4-8 mm long. Inflorescences of spikes borne on lateral branches, consisting entirely of male flowers or with 1-2 female flowers at the base. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, somewhat larger than S. integerrimus, up to 2.5 × 2 cm.
Notes: This taxon is what was called Sapium armatum Pax & K. Hoffm. in FZ 9(4), p. 232. It may have been sunk under Sclerocroton integerrimus, but for the time being is kept separate.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In submontane woodland and wooded grassland.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 910 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sevenia boisduvali boisduvali (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 24 June 2012

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 521. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253. As Sapium integerrimum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43. As Sapium armatum

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 323 - 324.

Other sources of information about Sclerocroton cf. armatus:

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Flora of Mozambique: Sclerocroton cf. armatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
iNaturalist: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sclerocroton cf. armatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Plants of the World Online: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Tropicos: Sclerocroton cf. armatus
Wikipedia: Sclerocroton cf. armatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Sclerocroton cf. armatus., retrieved 29 March 2023

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