Euphorbia confinalis R.A. Dyer
subsp. confinalis

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Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanyadzi, Save Valley.

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Common names: Chikondekonde (Shona) Confinalis (English) Lebombo euphorbia (English) Urudu (Shona) Urundu (Shona)
Status: Native
Succulent spiny single-stemmed tree with a crown of curved, ascending branches. Stem and branches 3-4-angled, constricted at the nodes; segments with parallel sides. Spine-shields stout and conspicuous. It is distinguished from var. rhodesiaca by its 3-4 angled trunk and single-stemmed trunk. It occurs at low altitudes in the South-East of Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Rocky hills in deciduous woodland
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 500 m
Flowering time:May - Aug
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa
Zimbabwe distribution: E
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status: Vulnerable
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 31 August 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 449. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Pages 407 - 411. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 164.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Other sources of information about Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Euphorbia confinalis
African Plant Database: Euphorbia confinalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Euphorbia confinalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Euphorbia confinalis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Euphorbia confinalis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Euphorbia confinalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Euphorbia confinalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Euphorbia confinalis
iNaturalist: Euphorbia confinalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Euphorbia confinalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Euphorbia confinalis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Euphorbia confinalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Euphorbia confinalis
Plants of the World Online: Euphorbia confinalis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Euphorbia confinalis
Tropicos: Euphorbia confinalis
Wikipedia: Euphorbia confinalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Euphorbia confinalis subsp. confinalis., retrieved 20 August 2019

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