Abutilon angulatum (Guill. & Perr.) Mast.
var. angulatum

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Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Nyanyadzi, Save Valley

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Synonyms: Abutilon intermedium Hochst. ex Garcke
Common names: Elephant's ear (English) Fluted abutilon (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Robust, erect perennial, 1-3 m. Stems glaucous, velvety, distinctly angled. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate, dark grey-green above, much paler greyish, below, finely velvety, 7-9-veined from the base; margins serrate. Lower leaves much larger than upper leaves. Flowers in apparent fascicles on short lateral and subterminal shoots, yellow to apricot-orange, opening in the afternoon. Calyx lobes short, less than 6 mm.
Notes: This is the most common and widespread variety in Zimbabwe. Var. macrocarpum (Baker f.) Hochr. is restricted to more moist areas in the Eastern Highlands. It has a more yellow-brownish indumentum, distinctly angled flower buds and longer calyx lobes, more than 7 mm long. The large, softly velvety leaves form an excellent emergency supply of toilet paper, when you're stuck in the bush.
Derivation of specific name: angulatum: angular, referring to the angled or fluted stems.
Habitat: In dry areas of scrub, along river banks, pans and roadsides, often on alkaline or brackish soils.
Altitude range: (metres) Up to 1370 m
Flowering time:Dec - May
Worldwide distribution:
Zimbabwe distribution: N,W,C,E,S
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Images last updated: Sunday 14 May 2006

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 2.

Exell, A.W. (1961). Malvaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Pages 488 - 489. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 277. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 196. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 60.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 79. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 83.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 47 - 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 218.

Other sources of information about Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Caprivi: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Mozambique: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum
Flora of Zambia: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Abutilon angulatum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Abutilon angulatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Abutilon angulatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Abutilon angulatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Abutilon angulatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Abutilon angulatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Abutilon angulatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Abutilon angulatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Abutilon angulatum
Ispot Southern Africa: Abutilon angulatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Abutilon angulatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Abutilon angulatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Abutilon angulatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Abutilon angulatum
Tropicos: Abutilon angulatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave, 2002-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Abutilon angulatum var. angulatum.
https://www.zimbabweflora.co.zw/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=138810, retrieved 19 March 2018

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